Conrad First The Joseph Conrad Periodical Archive

The Christian Science Monitor (Boston, MA, USA)

WWII cover

Boston's Christian Science Monitor was launched in 1908 by Mary Baker Eddy, price two cents. A founder of the Church of Christ, Scientist, Eddy had been satirized the previous year in Mark Twain's Christian Science. Despite its name, the paper did not seek to evangelize but instead offered a challenge to the practices of contemporary yellow journalism by printing stories about crime and disasters only when the government or society was afffected, and by sponsoring a series of 'clean journalism' public meetings. By 1910, it enjoyed sales of 120,000 and a strong reputation for foreign news coverage. The editorship of Frederick Dixon between 1914 and 1922, during which the Christian Science Monitor pressed for the United States to enter the war, coincided with a steep decline in circulation that was only stemmed after the appointment of Willis J. Abbot.

Mott, Frank Luther. American Journalism: A History of Newspapers in the United States Through 260 Years: 1690 to 1950. New York: Macmillan, 1950.